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How many vaccines against COVID exist and which ones have been approved by the WHO | Health | Saejob


At present in Europe the vaccines from Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Janssen are being administered, however in different nations different medication are getting used

Vaccine security is at all times one of many highest priorities, and that is no completely different for COVID-19 vaccines. All vaccines undergo phases of medical research earlier than they are often permitted to be used within the inhabitants. These trials are meant to make sure the security and skill of the vaccine to guard in opposition to illness (efficacy).

The vaccines which might be being developed in opposition to COVID-19 are following these similar phases, and can solely be permitted or launched within the nations to be used within the common inhabitants, as soon as their security has been demonstrated earlier than the regulatory authorities. Likewise, the World Health Organization (WHO) has only authorized its inclusion in the list for use in emergencies after having analyzed all the data from the trials. As soon as COVID-19 vaccines are permitted, security monitoring continues. This monitoring is a standard element of immunization packages and is completed with all vaccines.

Truly in Europe are 4 vaccines which might be being administered after having been permitted by the European Medicines Company (EMA, The medication from Pfizer / BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Janssen, nonetheless, should not the one ones on the market.

In the meantime, in The US, its lead company, the FDA, has solely permitted immunization with three kinds of vaccines, that are: Pfizer / BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Janssen.

Equally, the World Well being Group attracts up a listing of vaccines that it has permitted for emergency use.

As of June 3, 2021, the WHO has decided that the next COVID-19 vaccines meet the required security and efficacy standards:

This listing, as defined by the group itself, is used to evaluate the suitability of recent medical gadgets throughout public well being emergencies. “The objective is for medicines, vaccines and diagnostic exams to be obtainable as shortly as attainable to cope with the emergency, whereas respecting strict standards of security, efficacy and high quality. The analysis weighs the risk posed by the emergency and the profit that the usage of the product would entail in opposition to the attainable dangers “

In flip, the European Medicines Company publishes updates on the security of vaccines in opposition to COVID-19 approved within the EU. Security updates summarize new knowledge obtainable because the vaccine was licensed. In addition they point out if any security info requires additional investigation.

You will need to get hold of info solely from approved sources. We propose that you just observe the suggestions of the health authorities of your country and the web sites of the EU and related worldwide organizations: the European Middle for Illness Prevention and Management (ECDC) and the World Well being Group (WHO).

Different vaccines

What’s extra, Russia, India and Cuba additionally they administer the vaccines they’ve developed, however some haven’t accomplished the required phases.

Russia has permitted three vaccines in opposition to the coronavirus: first, the Sputnik-V, then the EpiVacCorona and the CoviVac. However the medical trials for the latter two are incomplete.

India has administered the vaccine Bharat, that makes use of inactive virus. Though it went to section 3, it is without doubt one of the most delayed in manufacturing.

In Cuba there are 5 candidate vaccine merchandise: Sovereign 01 (FR1, aluminum hydroxide), Sovereign 02 (FR2, tetanus toxoid, aluminum hydroxide) and Soberana Plus (energetic precept of Soberana 01 with excessive dose of antigen).

What’s extra: Abdala and Mambisa (the latter of nasal administration). (I)